What is hemp?

What is hemp?

Hemp, 10,000 years of history

He I term "Hemp" is used to classify cannabis strains that contain values of THC below 0.3%. With evidence of its use recorded throughout history, including the discovery of material made from hemp over 10,000 years ago, many believe that hemp was the first crop mankind ever cultivated. Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the Cannabaceae family, consisting of three main species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis rudelaris.


Industrial hemp has more than 3,000 known uses, between products and by-products, in sectors such as:

  • Textile: With multiple adaptations, such as hemp rope or hemp thread to make fabrics.
  • Construction: It is used as a building material and sustainable and even fireproof.
  • Bioplastics: it is a material that actually biodegrades.
  • Food: hemp seed contains vitamins, minerals and amino acids.
  • Biofuels: There are several fuels made from hemp.
  • Medicine: There are multiple innovative medical applications

One of the most ancient uses of hemp is the making of ropes

Hemp vs marijuana: the difference explained

The difference between hemp and marijuana is a topic that is often explained incorrectly.

As the CBD demand continues to skyrocket, The CBD industry has become a single market that is independent, but still closely related to the cannabis industry, including its controversial reputation and changing legality.

Due to the confusion and complications this can present for CBD users, it has become increasingly important to understand the difference between hemp and marijuana and how they relate to cannabis.

What is marijuana?

The word marijuana is used incorrectly sometimes, technically, marijuana is the flowering tops, flowers and leaves close to these, which when consumed, induce different physical and chemical effects that alter our perception in one way or another

While the use of this term is widespread in American culture, it presents an extremely inappropriate misrepresentation of cannabis. The most informed individuals and organizations in the cannabis industry refuse to use the term and some consider it "racist".

In the early history of the United States, the term "marijuana" was non-existent and "cannabis" was the main term used to classify the plant.

Between 1910 and 1920, nearly a million Mexicans emigrated to the United States seeking refuge from the Mexican Revolution.

During this time, anti-Mexican sentiment had begun to grow and the term "marijuana" emerged as a negative correlation to its use by Mexican immigrants.

Soon after, rumors began to surface, warning Americans of the dangerous and homicidal tendencies caused by the use of "Mexican cannabis" or "locoweed," leading to an even greater rise in anti-Mexican sentiment.

By 1927, 11 states had passed anti-marijuana laws, and by the 1930s anti-marijuana propaganda and the fear of the "Junk Madness" was in full swing.

After the passage of the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937, which imposed heavy and unrealistic taxes on the possession, sale, and transportation of the plant, the government had effectively banned "marijuana," paving the way for marijuana. next 80 years of cannabis prohibition. .

4 Key Differences Between Hemp And Marijuana

The differences between a hemp crop and a marijuana crop are obvious

Like strains of the same plant species, hemp and marijuana share many similarities and may even look exactly the same.

With contrasting legal regulations and vastly different effects and uses, you definitely don't want to confuse them.

To understand how different these two are, consider these 4 key differences between hemp and marijuana.

1 Hemp vs Marijuana: Composition

The chemical composition of these different types of cannabis is what gives them the ability to be received by the endocannabinoid system.

If there are high concentrations of THC in marijuana buds, in hemp there are very small percentages, around 0.3%, which keeps them within the law.

2 Hemp vs marijuana: legality

Due to the difference between their THC levels, hemp and marijuana are regulated very differently under the law.

While hemp was previously regulated as an illegal substance under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, it was removed as an illegal substance under the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018, which legalized it and derived products that do not contain more than 0.3% of THC.

Marijuana, on the other hand, is still treated as a controlled substance and is illegal under the Controlled Substances Act.

3 Hemp vs Marijuana: Growing hemp

Hemp and marijuana are harvested for different purposes, so naturally they require different growing conditions.

Marijuana strains are selectively bred in controlled environments that are designed to optimize breed characteristics and produce female plants that produce budding flowers.

Perfect marijuana leaf with excellent health

To properly grow a marijuana or cannabis plant, a grower must pay close attention to the plant at every stage of its life cycle and maintain the exact conditions in its environment, such as the right temperature, lighting, and humidity.

In contrast, it is grown to maximize its size and yield. To achieve this, hemp is generally grown outdoors and does not require the level of control and care necessary to grow marijuana.

4 Hemp vs marijuana: use

Hemp and marijuana offer a variety of unique uses for their composition.

As a powerful psychoactive agent, THC can bind directly to CB1 and CB2 receptors in the Endocannabinoid System, inducing the mind-altering euphoric effects called "highs."

While marijuana is commonly recognized for its recreational uses, studies have revealed its potential in a wide variety of therapeutic applications.

By comparison, hemp is harvested to produce a wide variety of products including, but not limited to:

  • Industrial products such as paper, clothing, building materials, and plastic.
  • Food products such as cooking oil, hemp flour, and hemp seed products.
  • Medications such as cannabidiol (CBD), which is then used to produce a variety of items including CBD vape juice, CBD tinctures, CBD topicals, and other CBD infusion products.

What is hemp fabric?

Hemp fabric is a sustainable textile made from fibers from a very high-yielding crop in the cannabis sativa family of plants. Historically used for industrial purposes such as ropes and sails, hemp is one of the most versatile and durable natural fibers, and some peoples, such as the Hmong, they wear hemp all their lives.

Hemp has 8 times the tensile strength of other natural fibers.

What are the differences between hemp oil and CBD oil?

Hemp oil properties:

With the terminology "hemp oil" we can find the oil made from the hemp seeds or oil made with the entire plant, CBD oil is also, technically, hemp oil.

To make the cbd oil, the same parts are used as to make a BHO or dry hashish extraction.

There is very little risk of hemp oil poisoning as all forms of hemp oil come from food grain cannabis strains and food grain hemp varieties must contain less than 0.3 percent tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This being the compound with psychoactive effects.


Now that you know the truth about consuming cannabis products, you may be wondering what properties hemp seeds have. The seeds of the cannabis plant are particularly nutritious, so much so that they are often considered a superfood. Here is an overview of the top five health benefits of these seeds:


Rich in essential fatty acids, protein, fiber, and other important nutrients, the properties of hemp seeds include that they are a powerhouse of healthy nutrition. The next time someone raises concerns about consuming this plant product, you can address their misconceptions and enlighten them on the health benefits of these tasty seeds.

How to incorporate hemp seeds into your diet

Mixed into smoothies

Topped in salads

Make your own hemp milk

Top smoothie or bowl bowls with yogurt and fruit.

Hemp protein benefits

Complete protein source

Hemp and its products are considered a vegan source of high-quality complete protein. Complete proteins are those that contain the 9 essential amino acids that are necessary for the proper functioning of the human body:

  1. histidine
  2. isoleucine
  3. leucine
  4. lysine
  5. methionine
  6. phenylalanine
  7. threonine
  8. tryptophan
  9. valine

Hemp vs marijuana: final thoughts

While the topic can be a bit complex and quite confusing, I hope I have shed some light on this important topic and properly explained the difference between these two cannabis variants.

Despite the dysfunctional use of the terms "hemp" and "marijuana," these terms have become deeply ingrained in our culture and society.

A flowering hemp plant looks like a marijuana plant initiating flowering

There is definitely a need to re-educate the population about hemp and marijuana, but to reverse this problem, it will take time.

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