What are terpenes?
The five most common terpenes in cannabis
Sometimes all the terms surrounding the world of cannabis can be confusing. You may know the basic concepts as indica, sativa and hybrids And you can tell the difference between all three (indicas tend to be milder, sativas are more energetic, and hybrids are a good balance of the two). And you probably have a basic understanding of major cannabinoids like THC and CBD. But are you familiar with the term terpene? Did you know that your experience with cannabis could be affected by these chemical compounds? Terpenes (also called isoprenoids) they do not place you, that's the job of THC, but it does affect how you feel when you're high.
The grass lovers more seasoned people toss the word terpenes when debating the merits of different varieties. It's confusing if you're a beginner - the word sounds like a scary chemical compound that requires a chemistry degree to understand, but it's actually quite easy.
Is a important concept to understand if you want to know why one indica strain makes you feel like you're glued to the couch, while another indica strain gives you just the right amount of relaxation.
What exactly are terpenes?
The terpenes are chemical compounds commonly found in plants (and even some insects), and are the reason behind those distinctive fragrances - if you've ever smelled an essential oil, you've come across a terpene. They provide protection against herbivores and attract pollinators. A plant can have multiple terpenes and, in the case of cannabis, it has more than 120 different. You will find them in the small crystalline hairs that adorn the cocoon. Those hairs are called trichomes and they produce terpenes and cannabinoids. If you've ever heard the word "wet" to describe the herb, it means that the bud is especially fresh and spicy because it's packed with terpenes.
What are its effects?
When you bite into a strawberry, its aroma is affected by its terpenes- The more fragrant the berry, the more delicious you will perceive it to be. The same idea applies when you consume cannabis: terpenes give the cocoon its distinctive smell and taste. But it goes beyond stimulating your senses, since the biochemistry of terpenes gives them they also have a large number of mental and physical effects, from fighting pain to relieving stress. If a certain strain relaxes you a lot, it likely contains a terpene that has a calming effect (and may also be present in your favorite pillow spray or nighttime facial cream).
Terpenes also play an important role in entourage effect, which is the theory that the effects of cannabis are enhanced by the synchronous combination of the plant's cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. That is why cannabis products from full spectrum they can be considered more beneficial. With the full spectrum, you get all 3 compounds.
Here are the 5 most common terpenes
More than 120 types of terpenes in cannabis plants, but you will find that a handful of them are more common in cannabis strains than the rest. Here are a few you can find.
Beta - caryophyllene
The Pepper contains a lot of beta Carilofen
Caryophyllene is a great hitter when it comes to sprucing up your body. Some of the medical benefits that this terpene offers is the relief of depression symptoms, it slows down bacterial growth and can reduce chronic inflammation.
According to the American Association for Cancer Research, caryophyllene has cancer-fighting properties.
This terpene can be found in some of your favorite foods and drinks, such as rosemary, hops and red wines like Syrah, Grüner Veltliner and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Better known varieties that contain a high% of Myrcene
He lemon gives the name to Limonene
Limonene is one of the most common cannabis terpenes. It can be found as an ingredient in food, medicine, cosmetics and detergents, and also finds applications in the biotechnology industry. This aromatic terpene citric It is produced abundantly in the trichomes of many cannabis strains, along with cannabinoids.
Like other terpenes, limonene has its own modes of interaction within the body. The medicinal properties of limonene are currently being investigated. Smoking or vaporizing a cannabis strain with high levels of limonene like some kush phenotypes, offers a unique taste experience and a energizing high.
Featured varieties containing high% limonene
Field of lavender
Linalool is a common cannabis terpene with a floral scent best described as Herbes de Provence. The soothing properties of linalool have been used for centuries, as linalool is commonly found in lavender, in addition to various other flowers and spices. Linalool is also a key component in the production of vitamin E.
Relaxation and stress relief they are common in varieties rich in linalool. Also known for having properties anti-anxiety, analgesic and anti-inflammatory, linalol can also help with insomnia due to its sedative nature. Cannabis-based topicals often contain linalool due to its relaxing nature. These terpenes are an excellent painkiller for the body and mind, acting as a powerful muscle relaxant and possible antidepressant and antipsychotic.
Varieties featured with Linalool
Pine gives its name to Pinene (pinenne)
Like other terpenes in cannabis, Pinene (Pinene) it's not just limited to cannabis strains. It is one of the terpenes in plants more common throughout the plant kingdom, and can be found in a wide range of foods, household items, essential oils, and of course pine trees.
He Pinene has two versions: alpha and beta. The version alpha It is pine needles. The version beta is more similar to rosemary, parsley and basil. One of the reasons the Pinenes are such a strong ally is their ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. Once in the brain, pinene can alter neurotransmitters that can actually improve the memory. You have read it well.
Better known varieties that contain a high% of pinene
Bouquet of thyme cool
Cannabis is full of wonderful terpenes. The terpene that is believed to be the most abundant is myrcene.
A Swiss federal investigation for agroecology and agriculture found that myrcene can account for 50% of the terpene profile of cannabis plants. It is not limited to cannabis. Myrcene can be found in lemongrass, mangoes, thyme, hops and verbena.
A study carried out by a prestigious pharmaceutical company showed that Myrcene (Myrcene) is a powerful pain reliever. The study "found that myrcene works to relieve pain in the same way as opium, but without the addiction."
These are some examples of terpenes, but as we have told you there are more than 120, go ahead and compare the scents of fruits with that of your cannabis, you will be surprised!